What are Pet Allergies?
Pet allergy is a reaction of the human body against the proteins that are found in an animal’s skin cells, saliva or waste products. Allergies can also be caused by pollens or mold spores that the pets carry on their dander which are shed.
Most of the times, pet allergies are caused after an exposure to the pet dander such as that of a cat, dog, rodents or horses.
The best way to avoid pet allergies is to keep the pets out of the house and avoiding the exposure as much as possible.
Symptoms of Pet Allergies
The symptoms of pet allergy can be seen either immediately after an exposure to the animal or may be after a while when the pet is gone as they leave their dander on furniture or clothing.
The symptoms can be:
- Running nose
- Itching in the nose, roof of the mouth or throat
- Chest tightness
- Congestion in the nose
- Itching and redness of the eyes
Also, there can be skin symptoms after a contact with the pet animal like:
- Itchy and red skin
Causes of Pet Allergies
When the person has an allergy to a certain substance, the body recognizes the substance as something harmful even though it is not, and reacts against it. When a person is exposed to the pet fur or the pollens or mold spores stuck on the dander of the animal, the body produces antibodies against these foreign substances. This reaction in turn gives rise to the release of histamine and other chemicals in the body leading to abnormal signs and symptoms.
Diagnosis of Pet Allergies
The diagnosis of pet allergy is made by asking the patient about any previous episodes of similar symptoms after an exposure to the pet dander or it’s saliva or urine.
The lining of the nose of the patient with an allergy is checked using an instrument having light. If the lining of the nose is swollen and pale, the person is supposed to be having an allergy.
Skin prick test:
In this test, little amounts of animal proteins (allergen extracts) are applied on the skin of the forearm or on the upper back and a small prick is made so that the applied material goes under the skin. The area is then observed for at least 15mins. If there is itching or a raised lump over the skin where the prick was made, the person is believed to be allergic to the animal protein.
The skin test may not be helpful in certain cases when the person is suffering from any skin disease. This is the time when blood test is advised. The blood test reveals the type of antibodies that is causing the allergy in the patient. It also indicates the level of sensitivity of the person to the allergen.
- Telling someone who is not having pet allergy, to clean the whole house including the ceiling, walls and furniture.
- Bathing the pets frequently to keep them clean.
- Not to allow the pets in the bedrooms or kitchen where the person who is allergic spends most of his/her time.
- Keeping the pets out of the house as much as possible.
Homoeopathic Management in Pet allergies
Homoeopathic medicines will help to keep the allergy under control and reduce the severity of signs and symptoms and their complications
- Thin, watery, excoriating discharge
- Sneezing without relief
- worse in open air; better indoors.
- Burning and bleeding
- Air-passages constricted. Asthma worse midnight.
- Burning in chest. Suffocative catarrh.
- Cough worse after midnight; worse lying on back.
- Expectoration scanty, frothy.
- < night > warmth
- Thirst: Sip by sip
- Chilly Patient
- Mid Day Mid night aggravation
- Itching at point of nose. Dry, hard crusts form, bleeding when loosened.
- Nasal bones sensitive. Sneezing in morning. Obstructed and loss of smell.
- Pricking as of a pin in tonsil. Parotid glands swollen .
- Stinging pain on swallowing.
- Cough with expectoration in day, bloody or purulent. Violent cough when lying down, with thick, yellow lumpy expectoration
- Worse, new moon, in morning, from washing, during menses, uncovering, lying down, damp, lying on, left side, cold.
- Better, warmth, wrapping up head, summer; in wet or humid weather.
- Sneezing; coryza from getting wet.
- Throat Sore, with swollen glands. Sticking pain on swallowing. Dry, teasing cough from midnight until morning
- Skin Red, swollen; itching intense. Vesicles, herpes; urticaria; pemphigus; erysipelas;
- Worse, during sleep, cold, wet rainy weather and after rain; at night, during rest, drenching, when lying on back or right side.
- Better, warm, dry weather, motion; walking, change of position, rubbing, warm applications, from stretching out limbs.
- Dry cough in evening and at night; must sit up in bed to get relief; and loose cough in the morning, with copious mucous expectoration
- < heat, rich fat food, after eating, towards evening, warm room, lying on left or on painless side when allowing feet to hang down.
- >, open air, motion, cold applications, cold food and drinks, Thirstless
- Coryza; stoppage of right nostril, pressing pain at root of nose.
- Loss of smell. Stoppage in evening.
- Yellow mucus; abundant in morning. Bad smells, as of old catarrh. Nasal bones sore.
- acrid nasal discharge and laryngeal symptoms, eye secretion bland;
- warm room , evening;
- in open air
- colds in damp cold weather
- Hacking cough on inspiring cold air.
- Tickling in larynx. Sensation as if larynx is split or torn.
- Oppressed breathing from pressure in middle of chest.
- Constricted feeling in region of epiglottis. Pain extending to ear.