What is Acne?
Acne is a commonly experienced skin condition in young people nowadays. It is produced due to blockage of the hair follicles by an oily substance called sebum (normally secreted by some glands in the skin) and dead skin cells.
Acne appears mostly on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders.
Acne may be healed with medicines but it may also remain forever if not treated in time. It usually comes one by one. When one pimple goes, the other crops up.
Symptoms of Acne
The signs and symptoms of acne vary according to the age of the person and severity of the condition.
- White heads (closed plugged pores)
- Blackheads (open plugged pores)
- Some red and painful bumps
- Some eruptions with pus filled inside
- Large, painful solid lumps beneath the skin
- Painful, pus filled lumps beneath the skin
Causes of Acne
Acne is mainly caused due to these 4 factors:
- Oil production
- Dead skin cells
- Clogged pores
Acne mostly appears on the areas like face, neck, chest, back, shoulders etc where the glands that produce oil (sebum) are more in number.
The hair follicles are connected with oil glands beneath the skin. When these glands produce excess of oily substance (sebum), more than normal, and also more number of dead skin cells, it forms a plug and favors the entry of bacteria. If the blocked pore becomes infected with bacteria, inflammation results.
In some cases, the plugged pore may lead to blockage of the hair follicle and the wall of the follicle may bulge out producing a whitehead. In other cases, the plug may be open to the surface of the skin and later it darkens due to exposure to the environment causing the formation of a blackhead.
Factors that lead to increasing in acne are:
- The hormones called androgens increase during puberty or teenage in both girls and boys. These hormones cause the oil glands to enlarge and produce more sebum or oil.
- Also after taking contraceptive pills and during pregnancy, the hormonal changes may lead to acne in women.
- Certain medications may lead to acne.
- Stress can increase acne.
- Diets which are rich in carbohydrates and dairy products like breads, chips, chocolates, etc lead to acne.
- Excessive use of Cosmetics and Mechanical Rubbing
- Hand picking Habit
Diagnosis of Acne
Diagnosis of acne can be easily made by looking at the clinical appearance of the eruptions.
- Wash the affected area at least twice a day with mild soap and warm water.
- Do not use substances which irritate the affected area more like certain makeup products.
- Use an oil free moisturizer and sunscreen if needed.
- Use safe cosmetics
- Maintain Proper hygiene, Avoid touching the face.
- Avoid Triggering Foods
- Avoid Stress
- Keeps skin hydrated, Drink Plenty of Water.
- Acne with menstrual irregularities of any kind.
- Acne occurring in young girls at puberty
- Acne worsened with consumption of fatty foods.
- Acne with with gastric complaints
- The gastric complaint is mainly due to chronic constipation or indigestion
- Acne associated with Itching and Burning
- acne on forehead
- pustular acne associated with itching
- Acne associated with Excessive Sweating.
- Cystic Acne
- Acne with Excessive Itching.
- dirty, unhealthy looking skin covered in acne with itching and Burning.
- < Scratching, night, warmth
- acne that has been treated with external applications or ointments in the past.
- acne that arises or worsens with use of cosmetic products
- mainly popular acne
- pain and itching
- acne that results in the formation of scars
- acne on cheeks, itchy acne on oily cheeks
- Prickling pain
- Acne in Anaemic girls.
- Acne on cheeks accompanied with heat
- Papular or Pustular with yellow scabs
- acne of all types – acne simplex, acne pustular and acne indurate
- oily skin where the overactive sebaceous glands secrete excess sebum leaving the skin constantly greasy
- worsens from eating sweets, chocolates, meat and fatty food
- Acne < winter , intolerable itching