What are Mold Allergies?
Mold or fungus can grow at any places like in the basements, in bathrooms, under a sink where there is an unnoticed leakage since a long period of time, in the backyard where there is uncut grass since long, or in any damp places where it becomes favorable for the fungus to grow.
There are many kinds of molds which are not seen with naked eyes. These are the most harmful ones when they enter in the air as they cause allergies or asthma in people who get exposed to them unknowingly.
Mold allergies can be avoided by avoiding the exposure to molds to which the person is allergic, but it is not always possible to avoid as some species are not visible to the naked eyes.
Symptoms of Mold Allergies
The symptoms can range from mild to severe from person to person.
There can also be seasonal variations or the person may have the symptoms throughout the year.
The symptoms of mold allergies are:
- Running nose
- Nasal congestion or nose block
- Itching of the eyes and nose
- Watering of the eyes
- Itching in the throat
- Tightness of the chest
Causes of Mold Allergies
Mold allergy is due to the response of an oversensitive immune system to the allergens that it is exposed to.
When the person is exposed to the allergy causing mold spores, the body recognizes them as foreign bodies and releases antibodies to fight against them.
Once the person is away from the allergen, the body still produces the antibodies so that it can fight with the allergens when the person is exposed to it the next time. When the person is in contact with the allergen again, these antibodies cause reactions against it.
This reaction leads to the release of a substance called as “histamine” which gives rise to the symptoms like running nose, nasal congestion, sneezing etc.
- Family history of allergies
- Occupational exposure: certain occupations like farming, dairy work, baking, carpentry, furniture repair, wine making etc can lead to mold allergies due to constant mold exposure.
- Staying in damp areas: the molds grow easily in damp places as compared to the area where there is less humidity. It is mostly seen in rainy seasons, or after floods or unnoticed pipe leakages.
- Living in houses with poor ventilation: when the doors and windows are kept closed for a long time, the moisture inside the house cannot escape out, making it easy for the molds to grow due to favorable climate.
Diagnosis of Mold Allergies
- Skin prick test
In this test, some amount of suspected mold species is diluted and is applied to the skin of arm or back through small pricks. If the patient develops a raised area where it was applied, it is considered that the patient is allergic to that type of mold.
- Blood tests
Blood sample is collected and tested to see for the amount of “IgE antibodies” produced in the body against a specific allergen.
- Check and clean any leakages at the earliest to stop the mold from growing in or near the house.
- Keep the doors and windows closed during the night as the concentration of mold spores is more during the night as it is more cool and damp.
- Keep the doors and windows open during the day so that the moisture is not trapped inside the house and the air keeps circulating.
- Avoid going outdoors when the weather is moist and damp like in foggy weather or immediately after a rain.
- Regular cleaning of garbage cans and keeping the surroundings of the house clean in order not to allow water accumulation, where the mold can grow easily.
- Regular cleaning of refrigerators and throwing out the old unwanted stuff before it becomes a place for the fungus too grow.
Homoeopathic Management in Mold Allergies
Homoeopathy Medicines will help to improve the immunity of the patient thereby making them less vulnerable to the allergens . Also the resulting signs and symptoms will be taken care of and as there are no side effects o drug dependencies, medicines can be effectively taken.
- complaints are such as are due to living in damp houses, basements, cellars.
- Worse in rainy weather, water in any form.
- Feels every change from dry to wet; cannot even eat plants growing near water, nor fish.
- > in warm dry air
- Thick, yellow discharge and salty mucus. Thick, yellow mucus, drops from posterior nares.
- Dyspnśa, during damp weather. Must hold chest when coughing.
- Humid asthma; rattling in chest, at 4 and 5 am.
- Cough, with thick ropy, greenish expectoration; chest feels all gone.
- Constant desire to take deep, long breath.
- Asthma in children
- acrid nasal discharge and laryngeal symptoms, eye secretion bland;
- < warm room , evening;
- > in open air
- colds in damp cold weather
- Hacking cough on inspiring cold air.
- Tickling in larynx. Sensation as if larynx is split or torn.
- Oppressed breathing from pressure in middle of chest.
- Constricted feeling in region of epiglottis. Pain extending to ear.
- catarrhal affections, fibrinous exudations, and glandular swellings.
- White or gray coating of base of tongue, and expectoration of thick, white phlegm,
- Catarrh; phlegm white, thick.
- Stuffy cold. Nosebleed
- Follicular tonsillitis. Tonsils inflamed; enlarged so much, can hardly breathe.
- Grayish patches or spots in the throat and tonsils. Adherent crusts in vault of pharynx. “Hospital” sore throat.
- Dry cough in evening and at night; must sit up in bed to get relief; and loose cough in the morning, with copious mucous expectoration
- < heat, rich fat food, after eating, towards evening, warm room, lying on left or on painless side when allowing feet to hang down.
- >, open air, motion, cold applications, cold food and drinks, Thirstless
- Coryza; stoppage of right nostril, pressing pain at root of nose.
- Loss of smell. Stoppage in evening.
- Yellow mucus; abundant in morning. Bad smells, as of old catarrh. Nasal bones sore.
- Thin, watery, excoriating discharge
- Sneezing without relief
- worse in open air; better indoors.
- Burning and bleeding
- Air-passages constricted. Asthma worse midnight.
- Burning in chest. Suffocative catarrh.
- Cough worse after midnight; worse lying on back.
- Expectoration scanty, frothy.
- < night > warmth
- Thirst: Sip by sip
- Chilly Patient
- Mid Day Mid night aggravation
- Itching at point of nose. Dry, hard crusts form, bleeding when loosened.
- Nasal bones sensitive. Sneezing in morning. Obstructed and loss of smell.
- Pricking as of a pin in tonsil. Parotid glands swollen .
- Stinging pain on swallowing.
- Cough with expectoration in day, bloody or purulent. Violent cough when lying down, with thick, yellow lumpy expectoration
- Worse, new moon, in morning, from washing, during menses, uncovering, lying down, damp, lying on, left side, cold.
- Better, warmth, wrapping up head, summer; in wet or humid weather.
- Sneezing; coryza from getting wet.
- Throat Sore, with swollen glands. Sticking pain on swallowing. Dry, teasing cough from midnight until morning
- Skin Red, swollen; itching intense. Vesicles, herpes; urticaria; pemphigus; erysipelas;
- Worse, during sleep, cold, wet rainy weather and after rain; at night, during rest, drenching, when lying on back or right side.
- Better, warm, dry weather, motion; walking, change of position, rubbing, warm applications, from stretching out limbs.