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Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism

What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is the condition in which the thyroid gland produces too much of thyroxin hormone. This leads to the quick metabolism of the body causing increased heart rate, increased sweating, uneasiness and weight loss.

Women are more likely to get hyperthyroidism than men.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism look like many other illnesses, and hence they should be confirmed properly with investigations before starting the treatment.

Thyroid gland enlargement called goiter occurs in most of the cases of hyperthyroidism.

Other symptoms of hyperthyroidism are:

  • Sudden weight loss and no weight gain even though the person eats well
  • Increased hunger
  • Anxiety, nervousness, and irritability
  • Palpitations with rapid and irregular heartbeat (arrhythmias)
  • Increased sweating
  • Fine trembling of the hands when outstretched
  • Heat intolerance
  • More frequent and loose stools
  • Irregular and scanty menstrual periods
  • Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter) which looks like a lump in the throat in the neck
  • Sleeplessness
  • Thin and moist skin
  • Muscle weakness
  • Fine and easily breakable hair
  • Bulging eyes

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

An autoimmune disease called “Grave’s disease” is the main cause of hyperthyroidism in most of the patients. In this condition, the cells of the immune system make the thyroid gland produce too much of thyroxin hormone. A family history of Grave’s disease can lead to hyperthyroidism in following generations.

Other causes of hyperthyroidism may be:

  • Hyperfunctioning of the thyroid nodules
  • Tumor of thyroid gland
  • Toxic multinodular goiter
  • Plummer’s disease

All the above-mentioned nodules secrete a lot of hormone thyroxine causing hyperthyroidism.

  • Thyroiditis
  • Sometimes there can be swelling of the thyroid gland causing the excess of the thyroxin hormone to pour out into the blood giving rise to hyperthyroidism.
  • Excess of iodine in the diet or excessive exposure of a person to iodine can lead to hyperthyroidism in him/her.
  • Medications are given for hypothyroidism if taken in excess can lead to hyperthyroidism.

Diagnosis of Hyperthyroidism

Physical examination

  • There are tremors in the hands when they are outstretched
  • Protruding eyes
  • Warm and moist skin
  • High pulse rate above 100/min
  • Swelling in the neck which is enlarged and tender when the patient swallows.

Blood tests

  • Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)
  • Thyroxin (T4)

High levels of T4 and very low or diminished levels of TSH hormones are suggestive of hyperthyroidism.

Thyroid ultrasound

  • To check for any nodules or inflammation of thyroid gland (thyroiditis).

 Radioactive iodine uptake test

  • To see the level of iodine absorption by the thyroid gland. If there is the high uptake of iodine by the gland, it suggests that the thyroid gland is producing too much of thyroxine; whereas if the iodine uptake is low, then it suggests that the thyroxin already stored in the gland is leaking into the bloodstream.

 Thyroid scan

  • To check where the iodine is in the thyroid gland.

 Homoeopathic  Management of  Hyperthyroidism

Homoeopathic can treat the mild and early cases of Hyperthyroidism. It helps to restore the thyroid function, helps in reducing the symptoms. Unlike other systems of medicine, it is safe without any side effects and drug dependencies.

Iodum

  • Palpitation and trembling
  • Voracious Increased with desire to eat all day but with loss of flesh
  • Increased metabolism
  • Craving for cold air

Fucus Vesicelosus

  • Helps to stimulate the thyroid gland
  • Muscle aches, fatigue, joint discomfort, headache
  • Suppresses overactive thyroid gland
  • Given for nontoxic goiter, even exophthalmic
  • Obstinate constipation
  • Forehead feels as if compressed by iron ring

Thyroidinum

  • Perspiration, emaciation, weakness
  • Nervous tremor of face and limbs
  • Paralysis and tingling sensation
  • Palpitation, exophthalmos, dilated pupil
  • Craves sweets

Lachesis

  • Hyperthyroidism with excessive heat
  • Intolerance to tight clothing around the neck and waist
  • Aversion to work, Loquacious
  • Hyperthyroidism in Menopausal women
  • Hot flushed face, Palpitation
  • Short scanty menstruation
  • All complaints aggravates during sleep

Phosphorus

  • Hyperthyroidism with extreme sensitivity, hair fall, Increased hunger
  • Tall thin individual oversensitive to external impressions
  • Chronic diarrhea, profuse offensive stool with debility
  • Feels hungry soon after eating
  • Hair fall in bunches
  • Craves cold drinks, ice cream, meat, salt

Natrum Mur

  • Hyperthyroidism with irritability
  • Intolerance to heat of sun
  • Craving for salt
  • Consolation
  • Emaciated over neck, loses weight even after eating well
  • Suppressed menstruation