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What is Herpes Simplex ?

Herpes simplex, also known as cold sores or fever blisters is caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV-1).

The person, who gets affected, has fluid-filled blisters around his/her lips which are painful. The blisters are many in number and appear in patches around the lips. Blisters remain for a few days and then break open to form crusts. They then heal in 2-4 weeks without leaving a scar.

Herpes simplex is a contagious disease and spreads easily through close contact with the affected person.


Symptoms of Herpes Simplex

There are many stages of herpes simplex. They are:

  • Tingling and itching
  • The patient feels itching, tingling or burning sensation around his lips for one or two days before a painful spot appears around the lips. This painful spot then appears as a blister followed by full-fledged blistering around the mouth.
  • Blisters
  • Small, painful, fluid-filled blisters appear around the mouth on the borders where the lips touch the skin of the face.
  • These blisters may also appear around the nose or on the cheeks.
  • Oozing and crusting
  • Many blisters form in patches around the lips. Once they grow and merge with each other, the blisters break open releasing the fluid filled inside. Due to oozing of the fluid, crusts are formed over the broken blisters.

The symptoms vary depending upon whether the person is suffering for the first time or it is a recurring episode.

The symptoms are severe when the person suffers for the first time, while the severity decreases with subsequent attacks. Recurrences usually take place at the same place like last time where it had affected.


The people who are having the first outbreak may have symptoms like:

  • Fever with restlessness
  • Painful, eroded gums
  • Excessive dribbling
  • Swollen, red and bleeding gums
  • Foul breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Muscle pains
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Sores inside the mouth in children below the age of 5 years.


Causes of Herpes Simplex

Herpes simplex is caused by a virus called herpes simplex virus (HSV-1).

The virus remains hidden in the nervous pathway after the attack of herpes simplex. After some days or months when there is recurrence, the virus travels through the nerve pathway and reaches the surface of the skin causing the disease episode again.

Herpes simplex virus is most contagious when the blisters are oozing and thus can easily spread from person to person. The ways in which it can spread to other people are:

  • By sharing eating utensils
  • Drinking from the same bottle or glass
  • By sharing razors, towels or other things used by infected person
  • Kissing or oral sex

The recurrences of the disease may be because of:

  • Fever or another viral infection
  • Stress
  • Hormonal changes during menstrual cycle or during pregnancy
  • Fatigue
  • Lowered immunity

Diagnosis of Herpes Simplex

The diagnosis of the disease is very clear just by looking at the appearance of the lesions.

Sometimes to confirm the diagnosis, a small scraping of the blister is taken for microscopic studies.


Self help

  • Apply cold compresses to sooth the pain and to clean the crusts.
  • Apply mild lip balms or sunscreens to protect the lips from burning in the sun.


Homoeopathic Management of Herpes Simplex

Homoeopathic medicine will help to reduce the pain and cure the disease also it will help to prevent the severity and recurrence of eruptions

Arsenicum Alb

  • Herpes on lips, intercostals region and face
  • Intense burning sensation
  • Chilly patieny
  • Burning warmth
  • Thirst sip by sip
  • Mid day midnight aggravation
  • Great Prostration
  • Restlessness, Anxious , Fastidious


  • Dry scaly herpes on nape of neck and ankles
  • Moist herpes with small white vesicle forming scabs on whole face esp above nose and around eyes
  • Burning after scratching
  • washing, bathing, warmth of bed
  • Standing is worst position
  • Dirthy filty people prone to skin affections
  •  after a bath


  • Eruptions on folds of skin
  • Obese females suffers from herpes with delayed scanty menses
  • Herpes at menopause
  • Left sided mainly
  • Oozing of watery sticky fluid
  • Circular eruptions hard to touch
  •  night , during and after menses

Hepar Sulph

  • Herpes after abuse of mercury
  • Face, hands, genitals and bends of knees and elbows are the commonly affected regions
  • Unhealthy skin with easy suppuration
  • Oversensitive to cold
  • Left side
  • Acute neuralgic pain worse at night
  • night, cold, touch
  • damp weather, wrapping up warmly
  • Offensive and sour body odour

Mercurius Sol

  • Right side.
  • Herpes of right forearm, wrist & hand.
  • burning on scratching & shooting pains night & in cold damp weather.
  • Herpetic eruptions which are surrounded by small pimples.
  • Herpes with a tendency to suppurate especially in persons with profuse sweat.
  • Glandular and scrofulous affections of children.