ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (ADHD) IN CHILDREN
What is ADHD?
ADHD in children is characterized by:
- Difficulty in paying attention,
- Hyperactivity or restlessness and
- Rash behavior, that is, the child may find it difficult to control certain behaviors or oppose his/her urges.
Types of ADHD
- Combined type: Children with this type of ADHD show all the 3 signs and symptoms that are, difficulty in paying attention, restlessness and rash behavior, and it is the most common type of ADHD.
- Hyperactive-impulsive type: Children with this type of ADHD show both restlessness and rash behavior but are able to pay attention to things that are taught or advised to them.
- Inattentive type: Children are not very active and do not disturb or break things. These children appear to be normal in every manner. This type of ADHD may not be noticed due to lack of observable signs and symptoms.
Symptoms of ADHD
- Difficulty in concentration or paying attention
- Difficulty in following the orders as the child never listens to what is being told to him
- Very forgetful and leaves his things at school as he doesn’t remember what he had taken along when he left home
- Failure in schools and inability to perform any given assignment or homework on time
- Doesn’t like to do works which need mental efforts.
- Very restless and constantly moving from place to place
- Leaves his seat in the class and moves about when he is expected to sit in one place.
- Jumps runs, disrupts all the things in the house or at school
- Talkative; always disturb others when they are talking with some other person
- Impatient; He cannot wait for his turn.
- Gives answers before the questions are completed.
- Cannot control his behavior or urges.
- Do things without thinking
- His mind gets easily diverted from one thing to other and so he cannot complete any given work on time.
- Difficulty in keeping things organized or in a good manner.
Causes of ADHD
- Genetic factors
- Family history: If the parents or other siblings are suffering from ADHD or any other mental health disorder then the child may have ADHD.
- Exposure to environmental toxins: Certain toxins like lead can affect the mental health of the child.
- Use of drugs during pregnancy: Drug use, smoking, alcohol consumption by a mother during pregnancy can lead to ADHD in the child.
- Premature birth: A baby who is born before 9 completed months can have ADHD.
Diagnosis of ADHD
The diagnosis of ADHD can be made by:
- Medical examination: To rule out other mental disorders.
- Gathering information: From parents, teachers or close ones of the child about personal and family medical history, recent changes in the life of the child if any and his school records.
- ADHD rating scales: To collect and evaluate the information of the child.
- Show lots of affection and care to the child without pointing out to his/her illness or things that they do. Praise the child regularly for smallest of the good things that he/she does.
- Parents should try to spend maximum time with their child and give him some encouragement.
- Parents should try to improve the self-confidence of their child by engaging them in activities like art, dance, games, karate, etc. But the child should not be forced to do anything beyond his/her abilities or against his/her wish.
- Parents should teach their child the lessons on how to keep things or objects neat and clean in his room and to keep his books up to date with things that are taught in school daily.
- Speak slowly and with affection while giving any orders to the child.
- Parents should try to keep a regular timing of meals, nap and other activities of the child and he should be made to follow it.
Homoeopathic Management of ADHD
Homoeopathic medicines will help to reduce the impulsiveness and overactivity of the child and improve his attention span and concentration
- Patient is Extremely restless
- Worse music
- Loves to sing and dance
- Sense of a stranger in room
- Hastiness, Impulsive, delirious
- Ailment from misfortune
- Violent, Loquacious and Religious mania
- Violent and fearful
- Hyperactive and easily frightened
- Loud, fast incoherent speech
- Great thirst with fear of water
- Fear of death and night
- Night mare and night terror
- Excessive talking with mania and rage
- Depression after maniac phase
- Violent seem unable to think
- Cannot bear anything
- Delusion of being poisoned
- Feeling of abandoned, jealousy suspicious