What is Tennis Elbow?
Tennis elbow refers to the pain in elbow joint that is caused due to overuse of the arm or forearm.
Pain is felt in the outer region of the elbow joint, where the muscles and tendons of forearm attach to the outside bony area of the joint (lateral epicondyle).
Symptoms of Tennis Elbow
Pain in the outer region of the elbow joint.
Pain increases while:
- Shaking hands
- Opening door knobs
- Squeezing clothes
- Lifting objects using the affected hand
- Opening jars
- Using wrist joint with force
Causes of Tennis Elbow
Tennis elbow is an overuse and muscle damage injury.
It is caused by repeated tightening of the muscles of the forearm which are used to straighten and raise the hand and wrist.
The constant motions and overuse of the muscles and tendons lead to small tears in the tendons that attach the forearm muscle to the bony prominences in the outer region of the elbow.
Tennis elbow can be commonly seen in tennis players, plumbers, painters, carpenters, and butchers due to the pattern of their work which involves overuse of elbow and wrist joints.
Diagnosis of Tennis Elbow
Usually, the type of pain and the physical examination is enough for diagnosing tennis elbow.
Pressure is applied to the affected area and the patient is asked to move the elbow, wrist and fingers in various directions against resistance. If the pain worsens, the patient is diagnosed of having tennis elbow.
X-rays and other imaging studies can be made to rule out other conditions causing pain in the elbow joint.
- Avoiding the activities that strain the affected elbow joint.
- Hot and cold applications to the affected elbow, several times in a day helps to ease the pain.
- Gentle stretching and warm up exercises to prevent the joint from becoming stiff. If the pain increases, stop the exercises immediately.
- after a tendon has suffered an injury from a blow
- tendon will tend to feel sore and painful as if bruised
- feel better lying on the sore part
- < motion
- > rest
- > hard pressure
- Thirst for large quantity of Cold water
- tendon is painful and stiff when at rest but better on moving the part
- < rest , initial movement
- > continous motion
- < damp, cold, night
- > warmth
- Blow and injury to soft tissue
- > Continues motion and > ice application
- Sprains sensation as if elastic band around the joints
- Bruises and Muscular soreness
- Deep aching pain in tendon
- injuries to ligaments and tendons
- overuse and overexertion leading to pain and stiffness
- Worse in cold weather and rest
- Better by warm application and motion