Tennis elbow refers to the pain in elbow joint that is caused due to overuse of the arm or forearm.
Pain is felt in the outer region of the elbow joint, where the muscles and tendons of forearm attach to the outside bony area of the joint (lateral epicondyle).
Pain is felt in the outer region of the elbow joint.
Pain increases while:
- Shaking hands
- Opening door knobs
- Squeezing clothes
- Lifting objects using the affected hand
- Opening jars
- Using wrist joint with force
Tennis elbow is an overuse and muscle strain injury.
It is caused by repetitive contraction of the muscles of the forearm which are used to straighten and raise the hand and wrist.
The repeated motions and stress to the muscles and tendons leads to tiny tears in the tendons that attach the forearm muscle to the bony prominences in the outer region of the elbow.
Tennis elbow can be commonly seen in tennis players, plumbers, painters, carpenters and butchers due to the pattern of their work which involves repetitive overuse of elbow and wrist joints.
Usually the type of pain and the physical examination is enough for diagnosing tennis elbow.
Pressure is applied to the affected area and the patient is asked to move the elbow, wrist and fingers in various directions against resistance. If the pain worsens, the patient is diagnosed of having tennis elbow.
X-rays and other imaging studies can be made to rule out other conditions causing pain in the elbow joint.
- Rhus tox
- Stiffness with pain in the joint.
- Pain worst in the morning during the first motion of the joint and later becomes less with subsequent movements of the part.
- Ferrum phos.
- If the whole arm is in pain.
- Inflamed elbow with sharp pain and redness.
- Arnica Montana
- Injury or strain of the elbow muscle.
- Pain is aggravated while moving the arm.
- Kalmia latifolia
- If the pain spread from shoulders or hip.
- Pain worse while moving the arm.
- Ruta graveolans
- Swollen, painful and stiff elbow.
- Pain < moving the arm and the patient feels weak and tired.