Lower backache is one of the most common reasons in our day to day life for visiting different doctors. It can occur due to various reasons an injury, muscle sprain or strains due to sudden movements, herniation of an intervertebral disc etc.
Backache can also result from certain diseases like spinal cord cancer, sciatica, arthritis, infections of the spine or of the kidneys etc.
Low backache mostly occurs between the age of 30-60 years due to age related changes which take place in the spinal cord.
Common causes of low backache are:
- The muscles and ligaments in the back can stretch or tear due to excessive physical stress like lifting heavy weights. When this happens, the person experiences symptoms like pain and stiffness in the back. Proper rest and physical therapy gives significant relief of symptoms.
- Sciatica occurs due to a herniated disc if the disc presses on the sciatic nerve. The person experiences symptoms like pain radiating from the back to the legs along the course of the sciatic nerve.
- The pain is felt as pricking like needles or burning on the affected side.
Injury to the disc
- The risk of disc injury increases with age. The disc may herniate or tear and push against the nerve roots or the spinal cord.
- Disc injury occurs due to sudden lifting of heavy weights or twisting the back.
- The pain is due to the compression of the nerve roots or spinal cord. The pain and discomfort lasts for many days to several months.
Narrowing of the spinal column
- The vertebral column narrows when there is degeneration of the discs between each vertebra. This results in compression of the nerve roots or spinal cord.
- The pressure on the spinal cord causes symptoms like numbness, weakness and cramps in different parts of the body according to the nerve roots or the part of the spinal cord involved.
- The symptoms become worse while walking or standing.
Curvatures of the spine
- In some cases, there are spinal abnormalities or curvatures which are known as scoliosis, kyphosis and scoliosis.
- These conditions are present since birth and are diagnosed when the child grows up into a teenager.
- The abnormal posture causes pressure on the muscles, tendons, ligaments and vertebrae causing pain and poor posture.
- The bones of the spine become porous and weak with increasing age. This can lead to easy fractures of the vertebrae.
The diagnosis is done by a physical examination of the back and also based on the ability to sit, walk, stand, bend and lifting the legs.
These assessments help to determine the origin of the pain and whether it radiates elsewhere to any other part.
Few out of the following tests may be done to check for the exact cause of the pain.
- Xray: to see for the alignment of bones. It determines if the person has arthritis or any fractures.
- MRI and CT scan: shows if there is any disc herniation, any abnormalities of the bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves or blood vessels.
- Blood tests: to see for any infections if it is causing the pain
- Bone scans: to see for compression fractures due to osteoporosis or bone tumors.
- Electromyography: this test studies the nerve conduction and activity of muscles.
Self- help for low back ache
- Regular low-impact exercises of the back muscles to strengthen them.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights.
- Right posture while sitting, standing, walking, bending.
- Reducing the weight.
Homeopathy offers a complete recovery from back pain in most of the cases. It treats the acute stages and symptoms of back pain and is very helpful in the chronic long-term management of back pain.
Best homeopathic medicines for low backache are:
- Pain is worse from the first movement and is better after continued motion.
- Stiffness in the back.
- Stiffness and pain are worse during rest.
- Also worse in the morning and feels better by moving around.
- Physical restlessness.
- Back pain due to an injury to the back.
- Soreness and stiffness of the back muscles.
- Everything on which the person lies, feels hard. Keeps searching for a soft spot to rest upon.
- Back pain is worst during motion and feels better after rest.
- Stitching and tearing type of pains in the back.
- Pain is also aggravated by heat.
- Feels better by lying on a hard surface or sitting.
- Suitable for women who has backache after delivery.
- Great sense of weakness in the back muscles.
- Sharp cutting type of pains.
- Morning, motion.
- Increased sweating.
- Restlessness and pains all over the body.
- Sensitiveness of the back.
- Afraid and cannot bear to be touché on sensitive parts.
- Sacral and sciatic pains.
- Weak feeling in the back.
- Sensitive spinal column on coughing and sneezing, straining.
- Lumbar pain spreads to the right thigh by walking.